Ngu Binh Mountain- The Screen of Hue Citadel

Ngu Binh Mountain- Culture Pham Travel

1. Ngu Binh Mountain – The Royal Screen of Hue Imperial Citadel


Ngu Binh Mountain has a trapezoid shape with a flat top, flanked by two small mountains flanking in, called Ta Bat Son and Huu Bat Son. Because of the shape of the mountain. When Nguyen Phuc Tran Lord (throne: 1687-1691) moved the capital Dang Trong from Kim Long village (Huong Tra district, Thua Thien province) to Phu Xuan village (Hue Imperial citadel today) in 1687. He used that mountain as a Screen in front of the capital.

Lately, when Nguyen Phuc Khoat Lord (in the throne: 1738-1765) built Phu Xuan citadel (completed in 1739), and Gia Long emperor built the Imperial Citadel of Hue (1802). They all set Bang mountain as a project. Dai Nam Book of Unification of the National History of the Nguyen Dynasty wrote: In the Northeast of Huong Thuy, emerged on the flat land as a picture of the screen as the first class in front of the Citadel of Hue, known as Bang mountain.

Gia Long named for the present mountain as Ngu Binh, a flat peak, everywhere planted pine trees. Dai Nam’s book of Geography estimated by Cao Xuan Duc also wrote about this mountain as follows: Ngu Binh mountain, which is called Bang mountain … squarely blocked like a screen, is the most important court-screen in front of the City … This mountain is one of the 20 feature sights of the Capital. In the reigning poem collection of Thieu Tri emperor, there is an article name: “Nui Ngu Len Cao” (The High Mountain).

2. Ngu Binh Mountain and Perfume River


According to researcher Nguyen Dac Xuan, from Gia Long’s time, all mandarins did not distinguish the orders, high or low ranks, each person had to plant a pine tree in Ngu Binh. So, day by day, Ngu Binh became a pine forest. Because of that beauty, many people visit the Ngu Binh Mountain to get a good mood to compose beautiful poems. Together with the Perfume River, Ngu Binh Mountain blends together to create the charming landscape of Hue and has been a symbol of Hue for a long time. Therefore, people used to call Hue as the city of “Huong river-Ngu mountain”.

3. Ngu Binh Mountain in Fengshui of Hue Imperial City

Ngu Binh Mount- Culture Pham Travel

As you know, a long time ago, we cared very much about Fengshui. The perfect Fengshui is lean against the mountains and face to the water. If your houses get perfect Fengshui, you will get the richness and family members are always in good health. If you have ever visited Hue garden houses, Hue Royal Tombs, Thien Mu pagoda. You will see them are all built on the mountains and face to Perfume River. Especially the Hue Imperial Citadel. It lies on the good land, gets Ngu Binh Mountain to be screen and Perfume River to be Fengshui. Moreover, on the Perfume River, there are 2 small islets as White Tiger on the right and Green Dragon on the left. They are guarding and protecting Hue Citadel.

4. Its location and How to get there?

Hue city tour

Ngu Binh Mountain (Chinese character: 御 屏), briefly called Ngu Mountain, formerly named Hon Mo or Nui Bang (Bang Son). It is a 103 m high mountain on the right bank of the Huong River (between Con Hen and Con Gia Vien). 4 km South of Hue city center (Thua Thien-Hue Province, Vietnam).

To visit Ngu Binh Mountain and Perfume River, you should take a dragon boat to go along the Perfume River. That is the perfect way to enjoy the beauty of this poetic mountain. Moreover, if you would like to visit the Hue Imperial Citadel and all highlights of Hue. You should book Hue City Tour 1 day or Hue Group Tour at Culture Pham Travel.

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