Tomb of Tu Duc Hue- Vietnam (also known as Khiêm Lăng) is one of the numerous appealing mausoleums on the outskirts of Hue imperial city. It lies in a wonderful pine valley of Duong Xuan Thuong Village (Thuong Ba Hamlet, Thuy Xuan Commune), away about 8 km from Hue city.
Covering the area of 20 hectares, the mausoleum accommodates 50 structures surrounded by a 1,500 m long wall, building from 1864 – 1867.
Table Of Contents
- 1. History of Tu Duc
- 2. Tu Duc Map
- 3. What to see at The mausoleum of Tu Duc Emperor?
- 4. Structure of Tu Duc Royal Tomb
- 5. Tu Duc, Hue Vietnam photos
- 6. Things to know before visiting Tu Duc
1. History of Tu Duc
Tu Duc was the fourth emperor of the Nguyen dynasty and he was on the throne over 35 years, the longest one compared to other rulers’.
Although he was expertise in philosophy, oriental history, and literature, he did not succeed in ruling the country. Especially in the period of Vietnam encountering western developing capitalism.
Having no son to weary, he ordered the construction of his tomb, to create a fairyland. Not only was it a world for his everlasting life after death, but it was also his lifetime recreation ground, where he could compose poets, hunt little animals, or even comfort himself with his concubines.
However, as the end of the construction, the emperor seemed to be inspired by humility. He added the word “Khiem” (“modesty”) to all the names of constructions in his complex.
2. Tu Duc Map
3. What to see at The mausoleum of Tu Duc Emperor?
3.1. Luu Khiem lake
Entering into the compound, walk to the North about 400 feet by a sidewalk made out of the finest ceramic tiles from Bat Trang village. There is a beautiful lake on the right. There are two pavilions on the nearshore of the lake, namely Du Khiem boat landing and Xung Khiem pavilion.
Du Khiem’s boat landing was designed for the emperor to disembark after his hunting trips to Tinh Khiem island in the middle of Luu Khiem lake.
From Du Khiem boat landing, if you walk to the North about 100 feet, then take a left turning and walk 100 feet due east to reach the pavilion. It is a pavilion where the emperor could sit at his leisure with his concubines, write verses and read their compositions.
3.2. Hoa Khiem palace
Khiem Cung gate, opposite Du Khiem boat landing, leads into the courtyard in front of Hoa Khiem Palace, the emperor’s residence when he was visiting. After his death, the palace was switched to a temple where the emperor’s memory was worshipped.
There is a lot of ancient stuff of the emperor in the tomb, such as the Western clock from the French government and two thrones. One interesting fact is that Tu Duc was considerably smaller than his empress, so he used to occupy the smaller one.
3.3. Luong Khiem temple
The temple located directly behind Hoa Khiem palace was a center of worship for the departed soul of Tu Du, the emperor’s mother.
3.4. Minh Khiem chamber
It is standing behind and to the right of Hoa Khiem Palace, which is the second Royal Theater for the emperor and his retinue to entertain.
You may have a chance to dress up as the emperor (and his empress) to take some fascinating souvenir photos. Moreover, the staff is also closeby and ready to pose as mandarins in the pictures.
4. Structure of Tu Duc Royal Tomb
4.1. The Royal Courtyard
Following the brick path outside the Khiem Cung gate, walking about 500 feet to the Northwest till you reach the forecourt in front of the stele pavilion.
On the Royal Courtyard, there are 2 rows of sculptures of horses, elephants, and mandarins. Because of the Emperor’s constitution so the mandarins statues could not be taller than him. They are there on the Courtyard, waiting for the emperor to do business in the after-life.
4.2. Stele Pavilion at Tu Duc Royal Tomb
Walking on the court-yard in the middle of the honor guards. You’ll reach the first building in the necropolis, a stele pavilion. This accommodates a 22-ton stone stele, the largest one in Vietnam. It inscribes the emperor’s biography and his fault to the Royal family as well as the country.
Plus, two pillars flank the stele pavilion– these obelisks are common sights in royal tombs, as they represent the candles showing the emperor the right way to enter into the afterlife.
4.3. The emperor’s sepulcher
Walking 200 feet to the west, you’ll reach the final point in the necropolis. The Buu Thanh brick wall that encircles the emperor’s sepulcher. The tomb, almost alone among this imperial tomb’s structures, designed in a simple and modest style.
Actually, the emperor is not buried under this tomb. Instead, when Tu Duc passed away, he was buried secretly somewhere in Hue. So the location of the emperor’s coffin is still a mystery until now.
As you know, Kien Phuc, Tu Duc’s adoptive son grave is in Tu Duc’s tomb complex as well. His grave occupying a small area about 500 feet to the North of the Xung Khiem pavilion. Moreover, Tu Duc’s empress is also buried across the lake, 500 feet to the west of Kien Phuc’s tomb.
5. Tu Duc, Hue Vietnam photos
6. Things to know before visiting Tu Duc
6.1. Tu Duc Tomb Entrance fee
In 2020, the entrance fee will increase up 150.000 VND (roughly USD 6.5) for adults. It costs 40.000 VND (roughly USD 2) for kids under 12 year old.
7.2. How to get to Tu Duc Royal Tomb Hue?
There are many ways to get to the Tomb of Tu Duc Emperor, including booking a grab bike, catching a cyclo, taking a boat trip or walking. Another fantastic way to hugely enjoy the site is to book a Private City Tour via Culture Pham Travel.
- View more: Top Hue Royal Tombs You Must Visit
Besides, remember to wear sunglasses, hats, and sunscreen as well as bring bottles of water in the dry season. Furthermore, prepare raincoats or bring umbrellas in the wet season for full enjoyment.
You can get more information about beautiful landscapes and Unesco monuments in Hue such as Thien Mu Pagoda Hue, Hue Imperial City… on our website.
Culture Pham Travel